Glossary of Terminology

Glossary Of Terms

Limited Edition prints and Artist's Proofs

As the term suggests, limited edition prints are limited to a pre-determined number and each print is numbered and signed by the artist. Over and above the edition copies there are a number of other pulls of which the artist's proof is the most frequently seen for sale.

Artist's proofs, which are intended for the archives of the artist, are identical to the edition prints and are printed at the same time. In place of the edition number, 'AP'is written along with a unique number in roman numerals.

Once the printing of the edition and artist's proofs is completed, the printing materials are destroyed to ensure the integrity of the edition.

Giclee Prints

In giclee printing, (pronounced Gee'clay), no screen or other mechanical devices are used and therefore there is no visible dot screen pattern. The image has all the tonalities and hues of the original painting.

Images are generated from high resolution digital scans and printed with archival quality inks onto various substrates including canvas, fine art, and photo-base paper. The giclee printing process provides better colour accuracy than other means of reproduction.

Silkscreen Prints

Silkscreen printing was initiated and developed during the twentieth century. The term stems from the original process whereby a fine silk mesh was stretched over a wooden frame to create a screen. More recently, these have been replaced by a nylon mesh and a metal frame.

The design is made by blocking out the entire screen, except for the area to be printed. Paper is placed on the screen bed, below the screen, and is held in place by a vacuum during the printing process. Ink is poured along the edge of the screen and pulled through the open areas of a stencil with a squeegee onto the paper. A new stencil and screen are used for each colour and the image is built up in layers in the way.


Woodcuts are the oldest known printing method, dating back to the first century and traditionally mastered by the Japanese. The design is drawn on a flat block of smooth hardwood and the surface around the lines or areas of the design is then chiselled away, leaving the design in high relief. The block is inked with a roller and the paper is placed on top. The block is printed either by pressure applied by a press, or by rubbing the back of the paper with a disc baren, transferring the image to the paper. Individual colours can be printed either on a separate block or in the case of reductive printing by cutting away the areas to be kept after each is printed.

Posters or Open Edition Posters

Our posters are produced lithographically and unless otherwise specified, are open or non limited in edition.